In 2019, Greenpeace Argentina brought a case before the Supreme Court of Justice on behalf of the Yaguareté (Jaguar) that lives in the Argentine Gran Chaco against four provinces of northern Argentina – Salta, Chaco, Santiago del Estero and Formosa – arguing that the country should recognize the rights of the Jaguar species.
“allow said species to continue to exist, enjoy its ecosystems, maintaining its plans for life, health, well-being, food, freedom, reproduction and security of the last less than 20 vulnerable subjects”.
This action follows previous legal actions in 2015 and 2016 in Argentina on behalf of orangutans and chimpanzees to recognize two individual animals as a “non-human person”. Unlike these previous actions, this case is the first time an action has been brought in Argentina in the name and representation of an entire species.
The regions Salta, Chaco, Santiago del Estero and Formosa have experienced rapid deforestation in recent decades as a result of the introduction of genetically modified soy two decades ago. The jaguar population in Argentina is estimated at 250 individuals – approximately 160 individuals in the Yungas Forest, 80 in the Paranaense Forest, and 20 in the Gran Chaco region.